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1. Background of the Project

IGDC Project is a forest based bi-lateral project between the Government of India and Federal Republic of Germany aiming at socio-economic development of tribal shifting cultivators, rural poor and conservation of natural resources in the state. The basic purpose of the project is to improve the natural resource conditions supporting enhanced livelihoods of primarily forest dependent communities in Tripura.

The broad concept of the project was originated with Government of Tripura (GoT) in a programme concept document "Participatory Natural Resource Management in Tripura" submitted to the German Government in 2003 after extensive field study and interaction with the people, Government officials and civil society representatives.

The Project Feasibility Study (FS) carried out by a Germany based consultant firm with reprsentatives from NABARD culminated into a reformulated project namely "Participatory Natural Resource Management in Tripura" after extensive field study and interaction with the people, government officials and civil society representatives.

A fact finding mission from German Financial Cooperation (KfW) jointly with Appraisal Mission of German Technical Cooperation (GIZ) held series of discussions with the GoT during February-March 2005 and finalized project design, project implementation and operational mechanisms. The minutes of discussion (MoD) on the Appraisal Mission were signed by GoT and KfW on 8th May 2007.

This followed signing of the Financing Agreement at New Delhi on 21st May 2008 between the KfW, the German Development Bank and the Government of India.

The Separate Agreement between KfW and GoT was signed at New Delhi on 30th May 2008.

The Project was formally incepted on 23rd February, 2009 and officially launched on June 12, 2009 by Sri Manik Sarkar, Hon'ble Chief Miniter, Tripura.

2. Goal and Objectives

The Project will contribute towards the achievement of a goal of imparting highest development priority to: "The equitable improvement in the general standard of living of all sections of the population, especially scheduled tribes, scheduled castes, minorities and other backward classes."

In accordance with this goal, the overall objective of the project is

(1) to contribute to the socio-economic development of the population in the target area (especially scheduled tribes, scheduled castes and other minorities) and

(2) to the ecological improvement of the target area.
The objective of the project is to improve the natural resource conditions supporting enhanced livelihoods of forest dependent communities.

3. Project duration:

The Project, initially incepted for six-years (Feb 2009 - Dec 2014), is running into its 6th year with a strong desire expressed by both KfW and GoT to extend the project- to leverage and replicate the notable gains made by the Project within a noticeably short time. The Project has since been extended for two more years, i.e., until March 2017.

4. Funding & implementing agencies

The Project, as part of the Indo-German Bilateral Cooperation (IGDC), is being jointly funded and implemented by KfW (German Development Bank) and Govt. of Tripura (GoT).

Tripura Forest Department (TFD) is primarily responsible for the implementation of the project in cooperation with Rural Development (RD) and Tribal Welfare (TW) Depart-ments. The project is being implemented at state level through the "Project Management Authority" (PMA) under the overall super vision of "Natural Resource Management Society, Tripura (NRMST)", a society registered under The Societies Registration Act, 1860. The Society is managed by a Governing Body, Chaired by the Chief Secretary, GoT and the members of the board include the Principal Secretaries of various line departments of GoT. At district level, the District Project Management Authority (DPMA) coordinates the activities at the field under the supervision of a District Governance Board, Chaired by DM & Collector, Dhalai. Both PMA and DPMA have officials who have been recruited directly for the project and also officers posted by GoT from various departments. The PMA is headed by the Project Director and DPMA is headed by the District Project Director. A Technical Advisory Team (TAT) headed by the Chief Technical Advisor and the National Chief Technical Advisor has been in place since project inception to provide technical and managerial support to the project.

5. Project Cost

The total project cost is about Euro 20.5 million including the consultancy fees and convergence funds from the GoT from the existing on-going schemes of GoT and GoI in the project area. The Federal Ministry for Economic Co-operation and Development (BMZ), Government of Germany has committed Euro 12 million as Financial Co-operation . Total core Project fund is about INR 73 croreout of which KfW have 83% share (INR 61.53) and GoT have 17% share (INR 12.22 Crore).

6. Project Area and Target Groups ( Source: Feasibility Study Report conducted by GFA Consulting Group G. M.B. H., Germany):

A. The total project area : 2,40,170 ha

B. Forest area : 1,56,111 ha (65%)

C. Total households :42103 households

D. Project households :28,150 (67% of the total hh)

E. BPL households :17,679 (41%)

F. Jhumia households :27724 (66%)

G. Total population :1,83,924

H. ST population :1,70,988 (94%)

I. Project Districts : Two (Dhalai & North)

J. Project Bocks : Eleven

K. Project Villages : Seventy (Earlier it was 100 Project villages, but during 3rd KfW review mission it was reduced to 70)

L. Click here for list of Villages

M. Click here for list Project Area Maps

7. Unique features of the Project:

A) About 70% of all the Project beneficiaries are hardcore Jhumias- Project's main target group.

B) More than 90% of the Patta lands covered under plantation are ex-Jhum land, mostly on hill tops.

C) Development of Village Institutions as Project implementing entities.

D) At least 10% mandatory contributions from the beneficiaries for imbibing feeling of ownership towards the undertaken Project activities.

E) Involvement of democratically elected bodies (3-tier Panchayati Raj System) at the Village, Block, District and State level for implementation of the Project.

F) Effective, transparent and participatory planning systems approach for Village Development Plans built upon existing Block Level Plans and Perspective Plan.

G) Fund Convergence by way of contributions from existing State & Central Schemes to fund a proportion of costs of a Village Development Plan to ensure the longer-term sustainability of the overall Project.

H) Traditional Knowledge Management through innovative approaches, diversification of livelihood opportunities, and use of advanced technologies.

8. Results and Measures:

The main results of the project components are proposed as follows:
R1: Effective transparent and participatory planning systems are developed and implemented at village, block and district levels

R2: Village-based institutions for implementation of an economic development and livelihood-oriented programmes are strengthened

R3: The effective management of natural resources is developed, supported and improved

R4: The land use rights of the villagers after allocation of land as a result of the RFR-Bill are secured

To reach the results (R1 - R4), the project comprises the following measures:

o Participatory Planning (R 1)

o Institution Building and Capacity Building (R2)

o Non-land based activities for support of rural livelihoods (R 2)

o Sustainable Development of RoFR Patta land through land-based Natural Resource Management activities (investments in viable forestry, horti-culture and conservation measures) (R3 & 4)

9. Project Components:

To achieve the Project Activities, eight components have been identified for implementation

a. Participatory Planning

b. Capacity Building

c.Allocation of Land Rights

d. Natural Resource Management

e. Rural Livelihood

f. Natural Resource Governance

g. Fund Convergence

h. Project Management

10. Project Activities:

To achieve the overall objectives of the Project, following activities are being undertaken by the Project-

A) Village-based institutions for implementation of program: Project aims to constitute 'Village Development Planning and Implementation Committee' (VDPIC)- a democratic, dedicated and decentralized village level institutions, at each village, which is responsible for overall planning, implementation and monitoring of the project activities and is also the recipient of funds to carry out various Project activities.

B) Participatory Planning: To develop an integrated, participatory, bottom-up plan for each project village, the 'Village Development Plan' (VDP), with a direct involvement of the villagers themselves and involving line department officials, for projecting the physical requirements and the corresponding financial implications. VDPs are approved by a Block level committee, headed by BAC Chairperson. Also, as ground situations and need of the villagers are dynamic in nature, annual revisiting of VDPs (scheduled from Project Year 4) are being done through PRA methods.

C) Capacity Development and Training: To capacitate all level of stakeholders, project targeted to conduct [a] Skill development & livelihood trainings for villagers (Priggery, Goatery, Fishery etc.) [b] Vocational training for villagers (Tailoring, Handloom / Weaving, Motor Driving, Basic computer learning etc.) [c] Accounts & Management training for SHG & VDPIC members.[d] Exposure visit for SHG & VDPIC members.

D) Natural Resource Management (Plantation): To raise plantationexclusively on patta land, Project has been promoting a 3-storey agro-horti-forestry model which is a mix of species giving yield in short (Pineapple, Zinger, Turmeric etc.), mid (Papaya, Banana, Orange etc.) and long term (Mango, Jackfruit, Coconut etc.). Funds for plantation are being disbursed to Beneficiaries' bank A/Cs by the respective VDPIC.

E) Soil and water conservation measure: Project has targeted to construct various kinds of water bodies (Check Dam, rain water harvesting structures etc.) SHGs and villager groups are practicing fishery on these Project constructed Check Dams.

F) Nursery: As an assured IGA, decentralised peoples' nurseries are being promoted under the Project as per the demand of the villagers. Beside this, to ensure supply of quality seedlings for project-promoted plantations, project has a target to establish quality planting material nurseries.

G) Institutionalisation for sustainable livelihood through SHG: Project aims to bring on an average 80 households per village (1 member / household) under the SHG umbrella.

H) Income Generating Activity (IGA): To provide diversified IGAs viz., piggery, poultry, goat rearing, fishery, nursery raising, decoration-cum-tent house, rice mill, tailoring and other similar small business activities through SHGs, other producer groups and individuals. Besides technical assistance, financial assistances are also being provided to the SHGs in terms of seed-money.

I) Revolving Fund: To promote IGAs for SHGs/Joint Liability Interest Groups/individuals, the IGDC Project proposes to use a Corpus- to be managed as a Revolving Fund (RF) facility at the level of VDPIC are being implemented. The purpose of the RF fund is to provide permanent and easy access to credit by enterprising villagers, even beyond the project period.

J) Achieving 'convergence': Systematic integration of Fund Convergence mechanism for mandatory participation of different line departments is the unique feature of the Project. In order to ensure the sustainability of the project activities beyond the project period, effective convergence of funds and schemes from other line departments of the state/central government (Rural Development, Animal Resource Development, Fishery, Horticulture, PWD, Social Education and School Education etc.) has to be ensured in all the project villages.

K) Focus of women empowerment under the Project:Special focus are being given on Women empowerment. About 50% women representation in the VDPICs are ensured. About 40%, of the SHG are headed by women. Exclusive training and workshops for women under deferent categories / trades are being organised.

11. Project Journey at a glance : Click here

12. Key achivements made under the Project : Click here

13. IGDC Project in News: Click here

14. New initiatives under IGDC Project : Click here

15. Sanction memos issued for VDPIC level activities : Click here

16. VDPIC wise fund allotment memos : Click here

17. Sanction memos issued for SHG level activities : Click here

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